Friday, 16 May 2008

Aytthaya - Capital City Of Thailand

Ayutthaya is an ancient capital city of Thailand and it was founded by King Ramathibodi I in 1350. It stayed as the capital of Thailand for nearly 417 years. Ayutthaya was ruled by 33 kings of five dynasties. The city was named for Ayutthaya after the home of Rama from the Indian epic Ramayana, and it means the undefeatable.

During the first 180 years, Ayutthaya was a very peaceful city and did not get into wars with the neighboring countries. The main activity of the city was trading. However, after the death of King Ramathibodi I, for the first time, the city got involved in a war with Myanmar in 1529. Thereafter, the city ended up fighting many wars. Ayutthaya was first defeated by the Burmese in 1569. After fifteen years, the city was regained by the King Naresuan. The city continued to flourish for the next 118 years and after which it was invaded and destroyed by the Burmese army in 1767. The capital was later moved to Thonburi by King Tuskin who defeated the Burmese. After his reign, the capital was shifted to Bangkok by King Rama I.

The destroyed city was left untouched in the jungle for over a hundred years. Ayutthaya was 85 kilometers from north of Bangkok, where one can still find the ruins of this ancient city. The ruins indicate that Ayutthaya was one of the precious cities of Thailand. The city covered an area of 2,556 square kilometers.

In modern times, tourists can conveniently access it by road, river, and railways, and it is one of the famous sightseeing spots of Thailand.